Saturday, 26 November 2011
The entry of Islam into Indonesia part 3
* TIMES Armed Resistance Against Imperialist West
The 16th century is often referred to as the Discovery of the East (East discovery) by Western historians, they wrote that the Portuguese discovered the Cape of Good Hope, Spain discovered America and others. They write as if they were the first to come to this place, as if they were the only civilized nation that perform ocean exploration. Though Asians are often passed the place, but they never write it as the first.
Even so, some historians still want to write that Portugislah inventor inventor Cape of Good Hope and Spanish America. In addition some historians also write that the arrival of the Portuguese to Asia is to trade, such a view is mistaken, because in fact the arrival of the Portuguese to Asia with an empty vessel. The ship was filled with stones, to prevent from getting too shaky. They also equip their ships with cannons, that is why more appropriate if the arrival of the Portuguese to Asia was to plunder rather than trade.Because in the 16th century the archipelago was ruled by Islam, then the Portuguese resistance against the Muslims. First, although Porugis seized Malacca, Sultanate of Demak cripple businesses but had difficulty. Even when the Portuguese had help Pajajaran cooperation of the Hindu kingdom, and managed to set up a fortress at Sunda Kelapa since 21 August 1522, but the sequel can be broken by Fatahillah.
Second, the construction of the Portuguese base at Sunda Kelapa perceived by Muslims as a clothespin Catholic colonizers that threaten the Sultanate of Demak, from the west and the Portuguese in the Sunda Kelapa from eastern Spain in Manila. Therefore, the presence of Portuguese in the Sunda Kelapa nearest perceived a threat to the Sultanate of Malacca after Demak.Retake the Sunda Kelapa not an easy task. Sultanate of Demak indirect attack to the Sunda Kelapa, but first to break the power of supporting Pajajaran Kingdom, the two ports: Bantam and Cirebon. After the second trading port is occupied then carried out the attack to the Sunda Kelapa on June 22, 1527. So just five years later.
* Due to the Military Aggression and Religion
Islam as a religion in its history has never been developed through military aggression or religion, but rather carried out by peaceful means. But then Muslims face the reality that can not be avoided. Portuguese suddenly launched a military offensive and the Catholic religion in Malacca and the archipelago. Such attacks are followed by Spain from the East or Indonesia from the Philippines. Surely this situation forced the Muslims to give the right answers. Portuguese attacks that undermine religious harmony, answered with lift arms.Portuguese attacks to Southeast Asia are hoping to get the spices, gold, pomp, and spread the Catholic religion, was turned away. Original purpose was to destroy the political power and Islamic culture, but in reality aggression Portuguese archipelago encouraged to create an atmosphere that allows the kings embraced Islam Nusantara.
Portuguese behavior that combines the spread of religion, trade and warfare in Southeast Asia is seen as something very strange, because in Southeast Asia never happened with the spread of religious warfare. Therefore, the arrival of the Portuguese to Southeast Asia considered as acts that threaten the preservation of religious life and peaceful trade. The nobles and the king as an entrepreneur trades also felt shower right and side to Islam as the religion of his people at that time.In addition, due to the attack, the Sultanate of Demak in cooperation with other sultanate managed to close the sea Indonesia from Portuguese ships. Due to Portuguese attack, apparently Muslim political power was even united and recapture the success of Palm Sunda into the hands of Islam managed to secure the archipelago from the business during the 200 years of Portuguese colonization. Only one weak area of Indonesia that can be controlled by the Portuguese, namely East Timor, because there has not been established Muslim political power.
* In the Islamic National Awakening
According to George Mc Turnan, in Nationalism and Revolution in Indonesia, the three most important factors affecting the realization of national integrity is: First, Islam professed by the majority of Indonesia. Secondly, Islam does not only teach the congregation, but also anti-colonialists. Third, Muslims making the Malay language as a psychological weapon is very powerful generator, in the struggle for national aspirations gave birth.
Such history was not getting the proper place in the National History of Indonesia. Written that the forerunner of the National Movement is Budi Utomo, May 20, 1908. Budi Utomo historical reality is contrary to the provisions of pioneering. Historical facts wrote Budi Utomo reject the unity of Indonesia, a congress in April 1928. So, after 20 years of Budi Utomo still unable to understand the struggle of the Indonesian nation. Such refusal was followed by rejection of the Indonesian language. Among the leadership of Budi Utomo prefer the Java language or the Netherlands. Slamet Muljana Nationalism In Capital Struggle in Indonesia Nations, stating that for 23 years Budi Utomo be exclusive, are beyond the struggle of the National Movement.
Instead of Islamic SI pioneered promote national terms, through the National Congress Central Sarekat Islam in Bandung in 1916. Though the new national terms used by PNI eleven years later, when PNI was established in Bandung in 1927.
KH Ahmad Dahlan with Muhammadiyah, which was built on 18 November 1912, spearheaded the reform of education system. Muhammadiyah was built ten years earlier than the Student Park (1922), led by Ki Hajar Dewantara. Muhammadiyah himself recognized far more influential among the people than Budi Utomo. Such a situation is understandable, because Budi Utomo is indeed a noble organization that does not open himself to the rabble. By Muhammadiyah modern organisation Ahmad Dahlan can proof that islam is peaceful religion.